Two hundred years ago, nobody knew aluminum existed. Today it is everywhere - in cans, window frames, packaging, airplanes, even car bodies. New uses for it is always founded - however; it's conceivable that one day we'll have the capacity to quit mining the metal and depend totally on reusing.
Aluminum has a split identity.
It might look dull; however, it is a standout amongst the most reactive metals in the periodic table. Key Facts about Aluminum - flexibility, strength, electrical conductivity, ductility and exceptional lightness.
It is the third most abundant component in the Earth's crust after oxygen and silicon found mainly as bauxite. It is utilized in transport, packaging, construction and household goods.
Despite the fact that Aluminum is the third most abundant component in the Earth's crust, it was not isolated until 1825 and remained so rare that it was highly valued than silver for quite a long time.
The reason it stayed covered up for so long, not at all like gold or silver, is that it is excessively reactive, making it impossible to occur in its pure form.
Rather, it is found as bauxite, a reddish-brown ore named after the French town Les Baux, where it was first found.
Bauxite is found over the globe, and mining it is the simple part. Far trickier is extracting the metal. It was not until 1886 that a Frenchman and an American both split it.
Bauxite is mined everywhere throughout the world, from Australia to Brazil to India to Guinea
You need to liquefy the bauxite in another mineral called cryolite, and afterward pass an electric current through it, isolating the oxygen molecules from the aluminum. It takes four tons of bauxite to produce one ton of aluminum.
Recycling aluminum utilizes a small amount of the Energy used to Bake Sapphire.
Nick Madden, who is responsible for buying raw metal for Novelis, the world's biggest manufacturer of rolled aluminum sheets said "Beverage cans get recycled within 60 days, so a can of soda is back on the shelves 60 days later," Once you have the metal, you can re-use it again and again, almost indefinitely.
"It is one of the few raw materials that is genuinely 100% recyclable, If demand stops growing, and scrap comes back from older uses like buildings in the future, then that will start to reduce the required primary consumption,".
Theoretically, a day may come when we have mined all we need, and we can just keep re-using what we already have.
For now, though, demand is increasing, especially amongst auto manufacturers. Lighter car bodies mean more fuel efficiency, better acceleration and braking, and lower carbon emissions.